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Progression to University by Gypsy, Roma and Traveller Pupils

PRESS RELEASE: ‘Respectable Racism’ Holding Back Gypsy, Roma and Traveller Pupils

Pupils from Gypsy, Roma and Traveller backgrounds estimated ten times less likely to go to university compared to peers.

New research by LKMco, in partnership with Kings College London’s Widening Participation department reveals barriers ‘at every level’ that combine to make Gypsy, Roma and Traveller pupils one of the most under-represented groups in UK universities.

The new report shows that ongoing prejudice combines with poor school outcomes to make progression to university a struggle for many pupils. Yet new research suggests that better information, and reassurance that racism will not be tolerated could awaken interest that lies just beneath the surface.

Back in 2004 Sir Trevor Phillips described prejudice and discrimination directed at GRT groups as “the last respectable form of racism”. This new research shows this continues to be the case with members of the Gypsy, Roma and Traveller communities telling researchers that ‘remorseless bullying’ has led many pupils to hide their identity and to feel that they were not welcome in education.

Prejudice combines with a lack of knowledge of university, cultural norms and low academic attainment to make application and acceptance to university a rarity, the report says.

The new report by education think-tank LKMco, entitled ‘The underrepresentation of Gypsy, Roma and Traveller pupils in higher education: A report on barriers from early years to secondary and beyond is published today by Kings’ College London’s Widening Participation Department.

Researchers spoke to pupils, parents and experts and analysed data on outcomes from the early years through to A-Level.

The report finds that:

  • Gypsy, Roma and Traveller (GRT) pupils are ten times less likely to go to university: 3-4% of Gypsies, Roma and Travellers aged 18-30 accessed Higher Education in 2014, compared to 43% of 18-30 year olds in the national population.
  • 9 out of 10 GRT pupils leave school without five good GCSEs: Fewer than 10% of Gypsy/Roma pupils and fewer than 20% of Irish Traveller pupils achieve 5 GCSEs graded A*- C, compared to approximately 60% of all pupils nationally.
  • Even at the end of reception year, only a quarter of Gypsy and Roma pupils achieve “a good level of development” compared to more than two-thirds of pupils overall.
  • Rumours of student ‘pikey parties’ and prejudicial language used by university staff put some potential students off. Half of British peopleadmitted having an ‘unfavourable view’ of Roma people in a 2014 survey.
  • Some young people hesitate to apply to university because of fear of debt and perceived incompatibility with a traditional way of life. However, a changing economy and better information could start to boost participation rates.

Lead author Ellie Mulcahy of education think-tank LKMco said:

 “The majority of Gypsy, Roma and traveller pupils experience discrimination and bullying in schools. They then fear that this will continue in higher education and will not be treated seriously. Therefore universities need to demonstrate that discrimination and bullying will it be tolerated and address it promptly and effectively if it does occur.”

Anne-Marie Canning, Director of Widening Participation at Kings College London said:

‘This is an important and pivotal report that we are pleased to have played a role in bringing about. Universities must be both open and inclusive for all students. We look forward to working with colleagues in the higher education sector to bring the report recommendations into practice’

Loic Menzies, Director of LKMco said:

“The fact that the number of Gypsy, Roma and Traveller pupils in our schools is small should not mean they are ignored. This report shows that far more needs to be done to respond to these young people’s unique circumstances.”

Download the full report here or a briefing version here

Among other recommendations the report says:

  • Schools and universities should publicly state that prejudiced and derogatory language is unacceptable.
  • Targeted awareness raising about university should begin at primary level.
  • Where pupils are educated at home, support should be put in place that ensures that provision is high quality.
  • Universities should ensure that their widening participation teams target home-educated pupils.
  • Parents and pupils should be encouraged to ‘ascribe’ (identify their GRT status) through use of appropriate categories and reassurance that this will not result in discrimination.




Notes for editors

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